1996 Toyota Previa moderate overlap IIHS crash test (extended footage)

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Overall evaluation: Poor

A 1996 Toyota Previa was crash tested on September 12, 1996 into a fixed deformable barrier at
39.9 mi/h (64.3 km/h) and a 39 percent overlap on the driver side. A Hybrid III 50th percentile
male dummy was positioned in the driver seat with the lap/shoulder belt fastened.
Measures of intrusion taken after the crash indicated the lower instrument panel in front of the
dummy moved rearward 8-12 cm. Resultant intrusion in the driver footwell area measured
22 cm at the left footrest and 25-29 cm at other places on the toepan. The steering column
moved rearward 8 cm and upward 17 cm. The driver door aperture shortened 3 cm as measured
at the lower edge of the window. The driver seat pitched forward due to buckling of the floor.
All doors remained closed during the crash. The driver door required additional effort to open
after the crash. All other doors opened with ease after the crash.
The driver dummy was restrained by a three-point lap/shoulder belt and an airbag. Fourteen cm
of webbing spooled off the retractor during the crash, and an additional 36 cm of slack webbing
were added to the belt loop by tearing of the force-limiting stitching. This slack allowed the
dummy to submarine under the belt. After the crash, the dummy was found lying in the seat with
its back on the seat cushion and the lap belt up over its abdomen. The airbag contacted the
dummy’s face before it was fully inflated. After the airbag was fully inflated, the dummy’s face
contacted the airbag 2 cm below and 1 cm to the right of its center. While the dummy’s head
moved forward into the airbag, the steering wheel moved upward and rearward, and the head
contacted the steering wheel through the airbag. As the steering wheel continued to move
upward and rearward, the dummy’s head appeared to slide down the airbag and contact the
steering wheel a second time, which rotated the head rearward.
Contact with the steering wheel produced a maximum axial tension in the neck of 3.9 kN and
two peak resultant head accelerations of 90 g and 91 g. The left leg had an upper tibia bending
moment of 226 Nm and an upper tibia index of 1.01. The right leg had an upper tibia bending
moment of 272 Nm, an upper tibia index of 1.22, a lower tibia bending moment of 204 Nm, and
a lower tibia index of 0.95. The maximum neck extension moment was 41 Nm and occurred
during rebound from the airbag.
Краш-тесты автомобилей Hyundai (Хендай)
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